2011 Nobel Prize in Physics
Brian Schmidt FAA along with two American researchers, Saul Perlmutter and Adam Riess won the Prize for their discovery that the expansion of the universe is accelerating.
Further information | Prime Minister’s Prizes for Science Awards speech
2009 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Elizabeth Blackburn, Carol Greider and Jack Szostak 'for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase’.
About the prize winners | Telomeres | Telomeres, telomerase and cancer
2005 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
John Warcup Cornforth shared with Vladimir Prelog 'for their work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions'.
1973 Nobel Prize in Literature
Patrick White for his novel The Eye of the Storm – 'an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature'.
1970 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Bernard Katz shared with Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod 'for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation'.
1964 Nobel Prize in Physics
Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov shared with Charles Hard Townes and Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov 'for fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which has led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle'.
1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
John Carew Eccles FAA shared with Alan Lloyd Hodgkin and Andrew Fielding Huxley 'for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane'.
1960 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Frank Macfarlane Burnet FAA shared with Peter Brian Medawar 'for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance'.
1945 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Howard Walter Florey shared with Ernst Boris Chain and Alexander Fleming 'for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases'.
1915 Nobel Prize for Physics
William Lawrence Bragg and William Henry Bragg 'for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means