El Niño riding the climate roller coaster
The Science of Climate change: Questions and Answers.
A document summarising the current understanding of climate change science for non-specialist readers.
August 1998, pages 17-18
El Niño: Past, present and future (by Paul Holper)
5 February 2009
Indian Ocean, not El Niño, may be cause of Aussie drought (by Gillian Shaw)
Claims that severe drought in southeast Australia may be caused by the Indian Ocean Dipole rather than by El Niño.
No. 110, 2002, page 6
Waiting for El Niño (by Graeme O'Neill)
Describes a CSIRO model that will be able to predict El Niño events up to 9 months in advance.
No. 102, 2000, pages 34-35
Deconstructing ENSO (by Graeme O'Neill)
Discusses the connection between CO2 and ENSO events.
No. 97, 1998, pages 22-25
Australia's climate Cerberus: The puzzle of three oceans (by Peter Baines)
Australia's climate is influenced by the oceans surrounding it.
21 October 2004, pages 920-921
Wider connections for El Niño (by William J. Randel)
Climate anomalies associated with the large El Niño of 1940-42 extended far north into Europe.
15 April 2004, pages 709-711
Testing time for El Niño (by David Anderson)
Analyses of data from the past 150 years show that El Niño and La Niña might be more predictable than was thought.
20 November 2003, pages 239-241
Eruptions linked to El Niño (by Shanaka de Silva)
Describes the relationship between explosive volcanic eruptions and the ENSO cycle.
17 July 2003, pages 261-262
The past and future of El Niño (by Sandy Tudhope and Mat Collins)
Analysis of fossil corals provides new evidence of how the ENSO cycle can strengthen and weaken without an obvious driving force.
18 January 2003, pages 4-5
The mother of all El Niños revealed (by Fred Pearce)
Describes the 'Pacific decadal force' associated with the strength of El Niño events and fluctuations in fish stocks.
Page updated January 2010.