Professor Brian Schmidt AC FAA FRS along with two American researchers, Professor Saul Perlmutter and Adam Riess, won the prize for their discovery that the expansion of the Universe is accelerating.
Professors Elizabeth Blackburn AC FAA FRS, with Professors Carol Greider and Jack Szostak 'for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase’.
Professor Barry James Marshall AC FAA FRS and Dr Robin Warren AC FAA 'for their discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori and its role in gastritis and peptic ulcer disease'.
Professor Peter Charles Doherty AC FAA FRS shared with Rolf Martin Zinkernagel AC FAA 'for their discoveries concerning the specificity of the cell mediated immune defence'.
Professor Sir John Warcup Cornforth AC FAA FRS shared with Professor Vladimir Prelog FRS 'for their work on the stereochemistry of enzyme-catalyzed reactions'.
Patrick White for his novel The Eye of the Storm – 'an epic and psychological narrative art which has introduced a new continent into literature'.
Sir Bernard Katz FRS shared with Professor Ulf von Euler and Julius Axelrod 'for their discoveries concerning the humoral transmittors in the nerve terminals and the mechanism for their storage, release and inactivation'.
Sir John Carew Eccles AC Kt FAA FRS shared with Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin OM KBE FRS and Sir Andrew Fielding Huxley OM PRS 'for their discoveries concerning the ionic mechanisms involved in excitation and inhibition in the peripheral and central portions of the nerve cell membrane'.
Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet OM AK KBE FAA FRS shared with Sir Peter Brian Medawar OM CBE FRS 'for discovery of acquired immunological tolerance'.
Baron Howard Walter Florey MO FRS shared with Sir Ernst Boris Chain FRS and Sir Alexander Fleming FRS 'for the discovery of penicillin and its curative effect in various infectious diseases'.
Sir William Lawrence Bragg CH OBE MC FRS and Sir William Henry Bragg OM KBE FRS 'for their services in the analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays'.
© 2018 Australian Academy of Science